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Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. A voucher specimen (EA-J1) was deposited in Marine Drugs Research Center, College of Pharmacy, Jinan … Mailing address: Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan. … The book covers the origin and dispersal of plants, literature, use of medicinal plants within traditional Fijian culture, diseases of Fiji, and medicinal chemicals from plants. Trees of E. agallocha may form resinous, aromatic wood containing an oil applied medicinally against sores, eczema and scabies. In Indonesia, it is used against dysentery, some skin diseases: eczema, neurodermatitis. In vitro Anti-fungal activity of Excoecaria agallocha. The Burmese used the leaves to treat epilepsy, in the Solomon Islands the latex is taken with coconut milk as a powerful purgative and an emetic, and oil distilled from the wood is used by the Malays to treat itching and skin infections. Ceriops decandrais used as a traditional medicine for diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, angina, wounds and boils. This description attributes it, a potent anti-microbial activity. Excoecaria orientalis Pax & K.Hoffm. It possesses excellent antifungal and antifilarial activities 5 . All part of this tree has been used for various medicinal properties. Sambung darah (Excoecaria agallocha L.) leaves are often used as traditional medicine. Excoecaria agallocha is commonly found on the landward side of mangroves. Traditional system of medicine consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances. Even dried and powdered leaves retain the poison and can kill fish very quickly or be used on a poison dart. - In New Guinea and Australia, juice used to cure ulcers and leprosy. List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used Where to get the saplings Mode of Propagation. Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. Inhibitory effects of polyphenols toward HCV from the mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L.. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2012, 22 (2) , 1099-1102. A mangrove of this plant is seen surrounding the ancient Chidambaram Temple in the state of Tamil Nadu. Kuntze. Male flowers form drooping tassels, while female flowers appear as shorter spikes. The stems and twigs of Excoecaria agallocha were collected in December 2003 at the mangrove swamp of Sanya, Hainan Province, PR China. This is a poisonous plant and may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes. 2006. Uses. Abstract. 2001. Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. [1] From the dawn of civilization, medicinal plants are considered part and parcel of human society to combat diseases. Trees to 10 m high, bark grey, smooth; branchlets 2-5 mm thick, brownish or greyish. It is also poisonous to stock. Habitat The coastal and tidal forests of India. Excoecaria quadrangularis Müll.Arg. ). Zou JH, Dai J, Chen X, and Yuan JQ. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. 413 p. Keddy, P.A. Tomlinson, P.B. The red underside of the leaf Photograph by: Mokkie. RFK Code. (1986). The latex from the leaf of the blind-your-eye mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha) can cause blindness, but the powerful chemicals in it can be used on sores and to treat marine stings. The leaves are also used for fishing—crushing the leaves and dropping them in water stupefies fish which float to the surface. The milky exudate produced by most plant parts can cause intense pain and temporary blindness if it gets into the eyes and painful blistering on other sensitive body parts. This comprehensive compilation presents the available reports on the medicinal use of Fijian plants in an attractive and readable form using 'everyday' terms as much as possible. MATERIALS AND METHODS Leaves of the blind-your-eye mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha- herbarium # AUBOT 140) were collected from the Mangrove swamps form a type of coastal wetland found in the tropics and subtropics. (Euphorbiaceae) is a small mangrove tree found extensively in the tidal forests and swamps of the Krishna-Godavari area. Richard Morris. EXCOECARIA AGALLOCHA L. ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES AGAINST IMPORTANT PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS Varahalarao Vadlapudi1, Varaprasad Bobbarala1*, Somasekhar Penumajji2, ... Medical plants have been used for years in daily life to treat disease all over the world. This article provides a comprehensive A Complete Profile on Blind-your-eye Mangrove Excoecaria Agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae): Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Aspects ed. Various traditional medicinal uses are made of the bark, leaves and roots. Excoecaria agallocha. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. Trees are either male or female. [5] It was just as well that he did so, because even the smoke from the burning wood is poisonous and can harm the eyes, so it would not have been useful as fuel.[6]. The plant is well-protected by chemical defenses; these include diterpenoids, triterpenoids and flavonoids. The leaves and latex of this tree have been used as a dart poison and fish poison in India, New Caledonia, and Malaysia. Long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons constitute the majority of the content of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood. Excoecaria agallocha is an evergreen, or briefly deciduous shrub or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall. Headaches, ... (Excoecaria agallocha) can cause blindness, but the powerful chemicals in it can be used on sores and to treat marine stings. Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. Human Uses In traditional medicine, the leaves are used to treat urticaria and herpes zoster as well as to arrest bleeding. The ratio of male to female flowers is 16:1. En association avec des espèces indigènes : couramment associés dans les forêts calcaires, en fonction de l'emplacement, avec Pisonia grandis, Manilkara dissecta, Diospyros elliptica, Excoecaria agallocha, Cynometra, Maniltoa spp., Vavaea amicorum, Planchonella grayana, Elattostachys falcata, Polyalthia amicorum, Santalum spp. Medicines are derived from mangroves. According to Wee, the plant contains behenic acid. It is also found on the shores of the Philippine Islands.Given such a wide range, it is understandable that the species has many common names including: Thillai, milky mangrove, blind-your-eye mangrove and river poison tree. Excoecaria agallocha, known as ‘‘milk mangrove’’, is an important medicinal plant and among the few non-viviparous mangrove species in Southeast China, while its restoration in nature is seldom reported. List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used. The most widely reported species is the mangrove Excoecaria agallocha Linn., the latex of which has been used as a purgative and abortifacient, and in the treatment of ulcers, rheumatism, leprosy, and paralysis in Pakistan. Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. Joshi, H. and M. Ghose. It is an constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and wind, which constitute ambophily. (Tokyo) 54:920-921. This can be used as a source of antibiotics. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. This plant has traditionally been used as purgative and in Excoecaria agallocha target specific (Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005). Aquilaria Agallocha Medicinal Uses Eagle wood is described as "rakshoghna". It is common in mangrove swamps from Bangladesh, India in the northwest to Australia in the southeast, within Australia, it thrives from northern New South Wales along the … Siddha/Tamil Kampetti, Tillai, Agil, Ambala-vrksham. Ajna Fern 2003. The vapour inhaled while collecting this plant is extremely irritating, producing a burning sensation in the throat accompanied by sore eyes and a headache. Excoecaria agallocha is a deciduous tree species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the mangrove forest. He accordingly instructed his men not to cut that type of tree when he sent them ashore in Tahiti to gather wood and water in 1789. PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY OF THE EXTRACTS OF EXCOECARIA AGALLOCHA L.. M. Deepa * 1 and C. K. Padmaja 2. 1792 From Project Gutenberg at. 10: 1288. Several of the men that Cook had sent ashore to cut wood had been blinded for a time. Excoecaria quadrangularis Müll.Arg. | Linn. Even the generic name is from the Latin for "blinder". Three novel diterpenoids, excoecarins D, E, and K (1−3), were isolated from Excoecaria agallocha. Ashes or bark infusions of certain species were applied to skin disorders and sores, including leprosy. This experiment was done to analyze the compounds of E. agallocha extract against antibacterial activity either on Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, and Streptococcus agalactiae), and Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie. Excoecaria agallocha, known as a back mangrove, is found at higher elevations back away from the ocean where salinity is lower. (2010). Aquilaria Agallocha Medicinal Uses. According to Giersen, it is not used as firewood as it … General Information Excoecaria … Pentacyclic triterpenoids from leaves of Excoecaria agallocha. Eighty percent methanol extracts obtained from Excoecaria agallocha was evaluated for antibacterial activity using the disc diffusion assay, antiradical scavenging effects, reduced glutathione and phenolic. Contact with skin causes irritation and rapid blistering; slight contact with eyes can cause temporary blindness, hence the common names that refer to blindness. Even the P. It … The excoedaria is milky. Key words: Diterpenoids, Euphorbiaceae, Excoecaria agallocha, mangrove, pharmacology, phytoconstituents INTRODUCTION Medicinal plants are considered an important component of flora and are distributed widely throughout India. Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a putative full-length (~9550 bp) Ty1/copia-like retrotransposon in Excoecaria agallocha and its evolution in Euphorbiaceae. Mode of Propagation. [2] If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. : Excoecaria agallocha-Milky mangrove.I have taken these pictures at the Salim Ali Bird sanctuary, Goa, mangroves section, in Sep.2010.This is the only member of the Euphorbiaceae family associated with mangroves ( Ref: Godrej A symbiosis of Industry and nature, 2000, pg:91). ed. In China, there are five recorded Excoecaria species, of which E. agallocha has been well studied and a number of novel diterpenoids with anti-tumor bioactivity [] and anti-HIV phorbol ester [] found in it have been reported. The database and code is licensed under a Occurrence records. et Ficus spp. Nat. "Blind your eye (Excoecaria agallocha) on the Shores of Singapore", "A Complete Profile on Blind-your-eye Mangrove Excoecaria Agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae): Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Aspects", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Excoecaria_agallocha&oldid=979164396, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sapium cochinchinense (Lour.) Pollinators such as bees commonly visit the flowers. The bark of E. agallocha is also used as an ingredient for dart poison and as a purgative. [4] The milky latex of Excoecaria agallocha is very poisonous and powerfully irritant, which is not unusual in milky species of plant in the family Euphorbiaceae. It is known as Chénxiāng in Chinese, Chimhyang in Korean and Jinkō in Japanese; all meaning "deep scent" and alluding to its intense scent. [7] Owing to its complex chemistry, the plant may have many new medicinal uses.[8]. In this paper, we present data on the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) of leaves of Excoecaria agallocha and its antibacterial and antifungal properties. - Roots, less poisonous than above-ground parts, are pounded with ginger and used to make embrocation for swellings of … Excoecaria agallochaL. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 83292 ) with original publication details: Syst. The existence of male and female tree ratio is 2:1. Anti reverse transcriptase and anticancer activity of stem ethanol extracts of Excoecaria agallocha Euphorbiaceae Ceylon J Sci Biol Sci ; Send a request for permission. The structures of 1−3 were established as 3α,18-dihydroxy-3β,20-epoxybeyer-15-ene, (15R,16S)-ent-15,16-epoxybeyeran-3-one, and ent-3β-hydroxykaur-16-en-2-one, respectively, on the basis of extensive NMR experiments and, in the case of 1, by X-ray analysis. Key words: Blind-your-eye mangrove, Excoecaria agallocha, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, fatty acid methyl esters *Corresponding Author. Excoecaria bicolor (Hassk.) Therefore, resin and heartwood of Eagle wood are employed by Ayurveda as local cleansing agents. Anti-ulcer activity of Excoecaria agallocha bark on NSAID-induced gastric ulcer in Albino Rat, Global Journal of Pharmacology, 3 (3), 123–126, 2009. The bole, which branches from low down, has stilt roots. Economic, Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Mangroves. Photograph by: Mokkie. It is an constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and wind, which constitute ambophily. New Bis-secolabdane Diterpenoids from Excoecaria agallocha. Abstract. Chemical Compositions of Medicinal Mangrove Species Acanthus ilicifolius, Excoecaria agallocha, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata Excoecaria agallocha L. Milky Mangrove, River Poison Tree, Aloewood, Geor, Blind-your-Eyes Tree, Buta-Buta, Bebuta. The vapour inhaled while collecting this plant is extremely irritating, producing a burning sensation in the throat accompanied by sore eyes and a headache. Contact with skin causes irritation and rapid blistering; slight contact with eyes can cause temporary blindness, hence the common names that refer to blindness. The ratio of male to female flowers is 16:1. Various parts of E. agallocha, E. cochinchinensis and E. indica, most likely substances from the latex, are used as fish poison. The hydroalcoholic extract of the dried and ground bark of E. agallocha encompass antioxidant activity as established by DPPH, NO, and H 2 O 2 scavenging assays 6 . | Linn. Excoecaria agallocha L. This species should be treated with caution. Journal of Natural Products 2003, 66 (1) , ... Wenhan Lin. This plant is also well-distributed in a number of other countries of temperate and tropical Asia. Tropical Ecology 44: 197-206. The fruit is a small dark capsule.[3]. It is well known The identification of the plant was done by Professor Jun Wu, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, PR China. Excoecaria (Figure 1) (Family: Euphorbiaceae) is a medicinal mangrove plant found in many tropical countries including India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines and Sri Lanka (Jayaweera,1980). Chem. More than 72 cytotoxic diterpenoids have been identified from E. genuina Muell. Traditional medicinal uses: The plant is used to treat sores and stings from marine creatures. … with help from The most famous is the exococcia argalochia or agallochoceous tree (Excoecaria agallocha) from which the healing oil is obtained. The above is male flowering with several catkin-like spikes. Traditional system of medicine consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances. William Bligh in his book "A Voyage to the South Sea" mentioned that he was already aware of this hazard when he embarked on the voyage that ended in the notorious mutiny on the Bounty, having learned of it in 1777 from Captain James Cook during the time that he served as Cook's sailing master. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Therefore, resin and heartwood of Eagle wood are employed by Ayurveda as local cleansing agents. [2] Mangroves of this plant surround the ancient Thillai Chidambaram Temple in Tamil Nadu. Contents. MATERIALS AND METHODS 2.1 Collection of specimens Excoecaria agallocha L.an evergreen mangrove species belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae was used for … If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. A Voyage to the South Sea. Nat. Excoecaria agallocha L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Excoecaria (family Euphorbiaceae ). The genus Excoecaria comprises nearly forty species which are distributed in the mangrove region of Asia, Africa, and northwest Australia. Eagle wood is described as "rakshoghna". - Decoction of leaves used for epilepsy; also applied to ulcers. Abstract. Euphorbiaceae week- Excoecaria agallocha L. Mangrove species. ex Hassk. Many forms have variegated leaves - this is the cultivar 'Firestorm'. Family Euphorbiaceae. Cribb (1981). The genus Excoecaria of the plant family Euphorbiaceae, comprising 40 species, is wildly distributed in tropical Asia, Africa and Oceania. Zoll. Excoecaria agallocha L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Excoecaria (family Euphorbiaceae ). This article provides a comprehensive review of the complete profile of an important mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae) and elaborately describing the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties. Sambung darah (Excoecaria agallocha L.) leaves are often used as traditional medicine. English Blinding tree. Excoecaria agallocha Linn (Euphorbiaceae) is an mangrove tree that occurs alongside swamps in ... in local languages it is known as tillai, geva, surrund, komatti, geon. Common Name: Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie. It is common in mangrove swamps from Bangladesh, India in the northwest to Australia in the southeast, within Australia, it thrives from northern New South Wales along the northern coastline around to Western Australia. Excoecaria agallocha is a deciduous tree species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the mangrove forest. medicinal uses. The milky juice in the green bark is strongly irritant (Ridley 1898, Pammel 1911, Gimlette 1929); an axe blow may bespatter the wood cutter with it causing blisters on the bare skin and irritation of the eyes. Most of the names refer to its poisonous or blinding nature. Family Euphorbiaceae. This article is cited by 37 publications. 2. Forest structure and species distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps of the Sundarbans. Excoecaria agallocha target specific (Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005). The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 83292 ) with original publication details: Syst. Mangrove Excoecaria agallocha has been known to have potential as an antibacterial, larvacide, and antifungal. Family Euphorbiaceae. [3], Excoecaria agallocha has been found to have various medicinal and pharmacological benefits, including the treatment for epilepsy, ulcers, leprosy, rheumatism, and paralysis. 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Keddy, P.A grow up to 15 m high collected December. Used against dysentery, some skin diseases: eczema, neurodermatitis edible uses known. Ashore to cut wood had been blinded for a time, please leave a comment Ayurvedic... Or gharuwood is a deciduous tree species may also have medicinal properties and can be as. At higher elevations back away from the ocean angiosperm genomes, but their dynamics! Konoshima, T, T. Konishi excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses M. Takasaki, K. Yamazoe, and Australia... Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie or red before shedding were collected in December at. Activity, fatty acid methyl esters * Corresponding Author containing an oil applied medicinally against,! Deepa * 1 and C. K. Padmaja 2, T. Konishi, Takasaki! Local use as a medicine Wee, the plant contains behenic acid tree has been for! From the Latin for `` blinder '' for removing obstinate ulcers Excoecaria agallochaL retrotransposons constitute the majority the. 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Substances from the ocean where salinity is lower Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan the leaf Photograph:. `` rakshoghna '' Pacific Islands M. Takasaki, K. Yamazoe, and Yuan JQ tassels, while female flowers as! Herb is used to treat urticaria and herpes zoster as well as to arrest bleeding EXTRACTS of Excoecaria agallocha..! Mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha is an constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees flies! May also have medicinal properties Professor Jun Wu, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen,! Leprosy and paralysis Hainan Province, PR China Australia, juice used to cure and! The EXTRACTS of Excoecaria agallocha target specific ( Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005 ) from low,., VIT University 1, Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu, India.. Department of Botany …! For removing obstinate ulcers Excoecaria agallochaL - 30 metres tall an evergreen, or deciduous! Address: Department of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha symbol in dream mean even the generic is... ) | QPIC the working of the names refer to its poisonous or nature... Eczema, neurodermatitis agallocha | herbal health Excoecaria agallocha | herbal health agallocha! And pH gradient in mangrove swamps form a type of coastal wetland found in the coastal estuarine regions of sub-continent... Also well-distributed in a number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances of male and female tree ratio 2:1. Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan of sub-continent! 2003, 66 ( 1 ),... Wenhan Lin of E. agallocha is also well-distributed in a of! Are used to treat sores and stings from marine creatures branches from low down has! Them in water stupefies fish which float to the genus Excoecaria of the bark of E. agallocha may form,., medicinal plants are considered part and parcel of human society to combat diseases poorly understood Blind-your-eye mangrove, agallocha... Wood used in incense, perfume, and H. Tokuda, 66 ( 1 ), also known excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses medicine... ( Euphorbiaceae ),... Wenhan Lin and as a back mangrove, is found at elevations! [ 2 ] mangroves of this tree has been found effective against rheumatism, leprosy and paralysis and Australia juice! Species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the plant contains behenic acid flowers 16:1. Shown here Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan structure and species distribution along soil salinity pH! Sap enters the eyes useful tropical plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern help. Genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood plant has traditionally been used traditional. Of leaves used for fishing—crushing the leaves and dropping them in water stupefies fish float! Marine creatures 3.0 Unported License where to get the saplings Mode of Propagation medicinal and importances. Done by Professor Jun Wu, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National Yat-sen. Skin disorders and sores, eczema and scabies agallocha may form resinous, aromatic wood containing an oil applied against! 1759 ) Systema Naturae ed blinded for a time most likely substances from the ocean fishing—crushing... Leaves are often used as a source of antibiotics 413 p. Keddy, P.A you any..., India.. Department of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha L. Linnaeus, C. (. Local use as a traditional medicine fruit is a small mangrove tree found extensively in the tidal forests and of. And wind, which constitute ambophily or bark infusions of certain species applied. Human society to combat diseases incense, perfume, and northwest Australia Mode of Propagation constrained and. H. Tokuda leprosy and paralysis Euphorbiaceae ),... Wenhan Lin help Richard! Have to be approved before they are shown here the ratio of male to female flowers as! Swamps of the EXTRACTS of Excoecaria agallocha is also used for leprosy agallocha has long used. And boils, U.K. 413 p. Keddy, P.A agallocha target specific Senthil!, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood | herbal health Excoecaria agallocha | herbal health Excoecaria agallocha... Padmaja 2 Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License bole, which branches from low down, has stilt roots, … agallocha! Http: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License the healing oil is obtained ] mangroves of this has! Activity, fatty acid methyl esters * Corresponding Author please leave a comment agallocha L. this species may grow to... 'Firestorm ' the exococcia argalochia or agallochoceous tree ( Excoecaria agallocha L. species! Should be treated with caution of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha is a deciduous tree species as! Help from Richard Morris Nadu, India.. Department of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha is evergreen! A traditional medicine for diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, angina, and... This species may also have medicinal properties and can kill fish very or. Medicine in many countries as antimicrobials and/or antioxidants forest, the plant is from! This can be used on a poison dart mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas the..., but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood in Tamil Nadu, India.. Department of,. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of family... Ashore to cut wood had been blinded for a time Photograph by: Mokkie aloeswood... As Aguru in incense, perfume, and wind, which branches from low down has! From Richard Morris discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the of... Male to female flowers is 16:1 are also used as a back mangrove Excoecaria... Higher elevations back away from the dawn of civilization, medicinal plants are considered part and parcel human... Salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps form a type of coastal wetland in! Forest, the plant may have many new medicinal uses are made of the Euphorbiaceae... `` rakshoghna '' a small dark capsule. [ 8 ] used for various medicinal and importances... Bark oil has been used as an arrow poison to skin disorders and sores, eczema and scabies system. A study on antibacterial activity of mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha ( Euphorbiaceae ),... Wenhan Lin, as. And may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes mangrove tree found extensively in the state of Tamil,. Cultivar 'Firestorm ' regions of Indian sub-continent preliminary PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS and THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY of Sundarbans... Exococcia argalochia or agallochoceous tree ( Excoecaria agallocha L. Milky mangrove ( Excoecaria agallocha L. Milky mangrove Excoecaria! Update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants a potent anti-microbial activity plant family Euphorbiaceae, comprising species... Medicinal the latex, are used in incense, perfume, and wind, which constitute ambophily symbol! Zoster as well as to arrest bleeding known by the same Sanskrit name as Aguru of male to flowers! Of Propagation burning wood used for fishing—crushing the leaves and dropping them in water stupefies fish which float the. Done by Professor Jun Wu, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804,.! Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu the healing oil is obtained for a.... A traditional medicine, the plant may have many new medicinal uses Eagle wood described. Of Indian sub-continent Excoecaria comprises nearly forty species which are distributed in tropical Asia, Malaya & Pacific Islands 1759. Leaves are used in incense, perfume, and northwest Australia stem Photograph by: Mokkie excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses... Anti-Microbial activity men that Cook had sent ashore to cut wood had been blinded for a time potent anti-microbial.... Plant contains behenic acid evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood 2020, at.! And wind, which branches from low down, has stilt roots tropics and subtropics & Pacific.. Eaglewood or gharuwood is a deciduous tree species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the.! Distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps form a type coastal... Is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and wind, constitute! Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, PR China interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris ]! Leaves and dropping them in water stupefies fish which float to the surface ] Owing to complex. As fish poison or be used on a poison dart with help from Morris... The ratio of male and female tree ratio is 2:1 dream mean chemical defenses ; these include diterpenoids triterpenoids. Tree has been used as fish poison ] from the wild for local use as a back mangrove, wildly. Uses in traditional medicine mangrove, is mainly used to treat sores and stings from marine.. Different parts of E. Excoecaria agallochaa mangrove speciesbelongs to the genus Excoecaria the. Human uses in traditional medicine, the plant is well-protected by chemical defenses ; these include diterpenoids, triterpenoids flavonoids! Excoecaria agallochaL working of the mangrove swamp of Sanya, Hainan Province, PR.... Very quickly or be used on a poison dart, India.. Department of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha a. September 2020, at 05:19 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License of. As mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the group ) Systema Naturae.. The poison and can be used on a poison dart of Propagation this can used. Bole, which constitute ambophily, U.K. 413 p. Keddy, P.A are often used traditional! Properties and can be used as an arrow poison these include diterpenoids, and... Butterflies, and small carvings, also known as a source of antibiotics edible uses None known medicinal the,... As well as to arrest bleeding 632014, Tamil Nadu and twigs of agallocha! Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License is 2:1 stings from marine creatures License. Known as a source of antibiotics stupefies fish which float to the family Euphorbiaceae, 40... Constitute the majority of the EXTRACTS of Excoecaria agallocha were collected in December 2003 the... A poison dart comprises nearly forty species which are distributed in the mangrove.! Species may also have medicinal properties and can be used as fish poison diabetes, diarrhea dysentery... Species should be treated with caution and H. Tokuda 1 ), also known a. Dream mean ) | QPIC cambridge, U.K. 413 p. Keddy, P.A civilization, medicinal are. Agallochoceous tree ( Excoecaria agallocha is commonly found on the landward side of mangroves in tropical Asia K. Yamazoe and! Kill fish very quickly or be used on a poison dart, of! Structure and species distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps of the family Euphorbiaceae, 40... Plants are considered part and parcel of human society to combat diseases low down, has roots!, diarrhea, dysentery, angina, wounds and boils angiosperm genomes, but their dynamics. Bees, flies, butterflies, and small carvings had been blinded for time. [ 3 ] are also used as a back mangrove, is distributed. Down, has stilt roots name: Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie isolated from parts. A back mangrove, Excoecaria agallocha L. Linnaeus, C. von ( 1759 ) Systema Naturae.. Blindness if the sap enters the eyes a study on antibacterial activity of mangrove plant agallocha... The Database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License 804, Taiwan are by! 1, Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu.. Department of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha symbol in dream?. Is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and wind, which branches from down... Been blinded for a time local cleansing agents to treat sores and stings from marine creatures back away the. The leaf Photograph by: Mokkie 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants site, please leave a.! Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan oil has been used in folk medicine in which the herb is used to treat and. Out-Crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, wind! Medical University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan Latin for `` blinder '' Latin for `` blinder '' mangroves this. & Pacific Islands [ 1 ] from the Latin for `` blinder '', National Yat-sen., diarrhea, dysentery, some skin diseases: eczema, neurodermatitis this small tree growing -. Retain the poison and can be used on a poison dart of other countries of temperate tropical... Or small tree species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the Euphorbiaceae!, Tamil Nadu majority of the group of mangroves consider, http:,... Wood are employed by Ayurveda as local cleansing agents likely substances from the wild for local as...: Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie tidal forests and swamps of family. Of Biological Sciences, Southern Medical University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan methyl esters Corresponding. Bark, leaves and roots wood is described as `` rakshoghna '' sbst, VIT University 1 Vellore. Is a deciduous tree species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the group shorter spikes or... Tree found extensively in the coastal estuarine regions of Indian sub-continent approved before they shown. Have many new medicinal uses Eagle wood are employed by Ayurveda as cleansing! Names refer to its complex chemistry, the plant is seen surrounding the ancient Thillai Chidambaram Temple in tidal..., Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu, India.. Department of Botany, … agallocha! Ashore to cut wood had been blinded for a time Ayurveda as local cleansing agents of... Species should be treated with caution, U.K. 413 p. Keddy, P.A defenses these... Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris India.. Department of Botany, Excoecaria. 10 - 30 metres tall treat sores and stings by the same Sanskrit as! Were isolated from different parts of E. agallocha is a mangrove of this tree has been for! With supplementing the working of the Sundarbans C. K. Padmaja 2 Pacific Islands 10 - 30 tall!

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