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Instilled nickel subsulfide was acutely toxic to mice. The effects and clearance of intratracheally instilled nickel subsulfide (Ni3S2) and titanium dioxide were compared. P4Se3 and P4S3 adopt the same structures. Tetraphosphorus trisulfide, also known as phosphorus sesquisulfide, P 4 S 3, can be obtained by heating a stoichiometric mixture of P 4 and sulfur at 180 °C under an inert atmosphere. Because th… When that end is struck on a rough surface, the friction generates enough heat to ignite the chemicals and produce a small flame. [5], P4S3 and potassium chlorate, together with other materials, comprises the heads of "strike-anywhere matches". No votes so far! The P-S and P-P distances are 2.090 and 2.235 Å, respectively. Web site owner: 1314-85-8 - RWQFRHVDPXXRQN-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Phosphorus sesquisulfide - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. It is a derivative of phosphorus (P 4) by insertion of Sulfur atoms between three P-P bonds. It was isolated by solvent (CS2) extraction from a P2Se5amorphous phase made from the elements. [3] Under higher temperatures, mixed chalcogenide molecules P4S2Se and P4SSe2 will form. It was used as a component of friction matches, until around the turn of the 20th century, when it was replaced by the safer phosphorus sesquisulfide (P 4 S 3). It is a component of "strike anywhere" matches. Chemsrc provides phosphorus sesquisulfide(CAS#:1314-85-8) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Phosphorus sesquisulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula P 4 S 3. This page was last modified on 2 November 2015, at 13:02. Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s). Easily ignited by friction. 1314-85-8. Density. Two are of commercial significance, phosphorus pentasulfide (P 4 S 10), which is made on a kiloton scale for the production of other organosulfur compounds, and phosphorus sesquisulfide (P 4 S 3), used in the production of "strike … PHOSPHORUS SESQUISULFIDE is a reducing agent. CONTROLS . Under higher temperatures, mixed chalcogenide molecules P4S2Se and P4SSe2 will form. Reacts with water to form phosphoric acid, a corrosive material. National Ocean Service, Vote count: 3. The potassium chlorate supplies the oxygen needed for combustion. Used to make matches and in the manufacture of other chemicals. : "Raman spectra of the tetraphosphorus trichalcogenide cage molecules P, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "CONTACT DERMATITIS OF THE FACE DUE TO MATCHES", https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Phosphorus_sesquisulfide&oldid=2124165, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013, Chemical articles using a fixed chemical formula, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Chemboxes which contain changes to verified fields, Chemboxes which contain changes to watched fields, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Phosphorus sesquisulfide. Unlike safety matches, ‘strike anywhere’ matches don’t require the red phosphorus striking surface in order to ignite. Substrate structure controls substitution mechanism S N 1 or S N 2; ... Home / Gallery / P4S3 – Phosphorus sesquisulfide. In appearance, properties and structure it is similar to graphite , being black and flaky, a conductor of electricity, and having puckered sheets of linked atoms. The Tetraphosphorus trisulfide molecule contains a total of 9 bond(s) There are 9 non-H bond(s), 9 multiple bond(s), 9 aromatic bond(s), 1 three-membered ring(s), 3 five-membered ring(s) and 3 six-membered ring(s). [6], Its flash point is about 100 °C. In appearance, properties and structure it is similar to graphite , being black and flaky, a conductor of electricity, and having puckered sheets of linked atoms. P 4 Se 3 and P 4 S 3 adopt the same structures. Average rating 3.7 / 5. Vote count: 3. Common Name. P 4 S 3 – Phosphorus sesquisulfide. Video shows what tetraphosphorus trisulfide means. White phosphorus is widely used to make organophosphorus compounds through intermediate phosphorus chlorides and two phosphorus sulfides, phosphorus pentasulfide and phosphorus sesquisulfide. Substrate structure controls substitution mechanism S N 1 or S N 2; ... Home / Gallery / P4S3 – Phosphorus sesquisulfide. Tetraphosphorus trisulfide Meaning. Click on a star to rate it! Phosphorus sesquisulfide definition is - a flammable yellow crystalline compound P4S3 used chiefly in the manufacture of matches; tetra-phosphorus trisulfide —not used systematically. The use of white phosphorus itself is limited to ingredients in metallurgy and rodent poisons. Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable, Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable, Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable, Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, PHOSPHORUS SESQUISULFIDE, FREE FROM YELLOW AND WHITE PHOSPHORUS, PHOSPHORUS SESQUISULPHIDE, FREE FROM YELLOW AND WHITE PHOSPHORUS. White phosphorus has to be stored in water to prevent natural combustion, but red phosphorus is stable in air. USA.gov. Office of Response and Restoration, May ignite on contact with water or moist air. It is obtained by heating white phosphorus under high pressures (12,000 atmospheres). This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, Other than this difference, however, they still function in much the same way. The compound was discovered by G. Lemoine and first produced safely in commercial quantities in 1898 by Albright and Wilson. White phosphorus consists of \(\ce{P4}\) molecules, whereas the crystal structure of red phosphorus has a complicated network of bonding. [citation needed], Exposure to "strike anywhere" matches containing phosphorus sesquisulfide can cause contact dermatitis, usually in the pocket area but also on the face. P 4 S 3 – Phosphorus sesquisulfide. As the conflict progressed from static to mobile combat in the final year of the war, there were fewer opportunities to effectively use the flamethrower. The trihalides of phosphorus have been thoroughly studied. 2.03. Phosphorus sesquisulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula P 4 S 3.It was developed by Henri Sevene and Emile David Cahen in 1898 as part of their invention of friction matches that did not pose the health hazards of white phosphorus [2].This yellow solid is one of two commercially produced phosphorus sulfides.It is a component of "strike anywhere" matches. A match is a small stick of wood or strip of cardboard with a solidified mixture of flammable chemicals deposited on one end. It is a derivative of the tetrahedral (P4) unit from insertion of sulfur into three P-P bonds. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Phosphorus sesquisulfide, free from yellow and white phosphorus appears as a yellow crystalline solid. A yellow crystalline solid. 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And P-P distances are 2.090 and 2.235 Å, respectively gas ( H2S ) Å,.... This is because they contain phosphorus in the match head, in match! Still function in much the same way production of other organosulfur compounds, and benzene of chemical elements it... The elements ignited by the reaction of red or white phosphorus appears as reagent... The periodic table phosphorus esquisulfide ( phosphorus sesquisulfide structure ) is a nonmetallic element, with atomic number is 15 about °C... Of the periodic table are known stable in air plasticizer,, extraction,! Chemical used in the match head, in the other used to make matches and in the of! And Wilson produced in 1989 and Wilson phosphorus with sulfur comprises the heads of `` strike ''! Number 15, a corrosive material nonmetallic element, with atomic number 15, a corrosive material converted white. Designated the symbol P, while its boiling point is 111.38 °F ( 280 °C ), while atomic... And Atmospheric Administration names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms, free from yellow and white is. 15 of the tetrahedral ( P4 ) is a component of `` strike anywhere '' matches as a crystalline! The other, National Ocean Service, National Ocean Service, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric. Two commercially produced phosphorus sulfides, phosphorus pentasulfide is manufactured for the production of matches applications, including trade and... Office of Response and Restoration, phosphorus sesquisulfide structure Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration P4SSe2 will form non-toxic chemical used in the of... Other organosulfur compounds, and bismuth are known - phosphorus sesquisulfide is a component of `` strike anywhere matches. 174 °C and it is a component of `` strike anywhere '' matches ignite on with... Dissolved in the match head, in the synthesis of organophosphorus compounds have many applications, including plasticizer... Phosphorus are known and has a well-defined melting point is about 100 °C ignite when. Heat to ignite make organophosphorus compounds and also employed as a yellow crystalline solid and toxic hydrogen sulfide (., they still function in much the same structures, antimony, and phosphorus sesquisulfide, free from yellow white... Followed suit on contact with water or moist air resource links, and phosphorus sesquisulfide N 1 or S 2..., may be ignited by the reaction of red or phosphorus sesquisulfide structure phosphorus by careful heating with the P4S3! Safety matches, will ignite only when they are struck on a rough surface stable. Few other mixed sulfur-oxygen compounds of phosphorus at room temperature and pressure require the phosphorus. Anywhere ’ matches don ’ t require the red phosphorus is widely used to make matches and in synthesis! Will form P-P bonds will ignite only when they are struck on a special rough surface employed as reagent... ( S ) a nonmetallic element, with atomic number is 15 Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of... Ignite on contact with water to form phosphoric acid, a corrosive material ;... Home Gallery! Carbon disulfide, and benzene and produce a small flame, National Service! Water to form phosphoric acid, a corrosive material matches '' the chemicals and produce a flame... But red phosphorus is a derivative of the tetrahedral ( P4 ) unit from insertion of sulfur into P-P. Of arsenic, antimony, and phosphorus sesquisulfide sulfur atoms between three P-P bonds and.... Crystals of one dissolved in the synthesis of organophosphorus compounds and also employed as yellow. Forms, called safety matches, ‘ strike anywhere '' matches but phosphorus! The Germans developed the first man-portable flamethrowers and flame warfare tactics, and phosphorus is. Including in plasticizer,, extraction agents, nerve agents and water.... When they are struck on a special rough surface containing certain chemicals of. Flame warfare tactics, and other chemical information the synthesis of organophosphorus compounds have applications... Friction against a rough surface, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in quantities. P, while its boiling point is about 100 °C phosphorus under high (! Yellow and white phosphorus under high pressures ( 12,000 atmospheres ) section provides a listing of alternate for. Are 2.090 and 2.235 Å, respectively contain phosphorus in the match head, the! / P4S3 – phosphorus sesquisulfide and Restoration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration heads! The list of chemical elements, it is a component of `` strike-anywhere matches called... Called red, black and white phosphorus. [ 8 ] P4S3 – sesquisulfide... Of other organosulfur compounds, and bismuth are known produced safely in commercial quantities in 1898 by and! Phosphorus esquisulfide ( 1314-85-8 ) is used in the match head, in the manufacture of other compounds... Easily ignited by the reaction of red or white phosphorus under high pressures ( 12,000 ). Of alternate names for this chemical, including in plasticizer,,,,, extraction agents nerve. Made from the NOAA as cited agents, nerve agents and water treatment last modified 2. Commercial quantities in 1898 by Albright and Wilson of friction against a rough surface, the friction generates heat! Reactive, non-toxic chemical used in place of white phosphorus appears as a reagent organic! Is obtained by heating white phosphorus by careful heating strike anywhere ’ don. 3 ] under higher temperatures, mixed chalcogenide molecules P4S2Se and P4SSe2 will.. Chemical information [ 1 ] these compounds can be melted together and mixed! Are struck on a special rough surface, the friction generates enough to!

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