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[23], The day prior to the TPLF's alleged attack on a military camp, the federal parliament of Ethiopia had suggested designating the TPLF as a terrorist organization. Tigray forces claim to have shot down Ethiopian plane, taken town 4 days ago Skip, the first company to bring e-scooters to D.C., to be acquired by competitor Helbiz The conflict stemmed from the attempt of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to distance the country's politics from ethnic federalism, a power-sharing system giving regional influence to individual ethnic groups, by merging the ethnic and region-based parties of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which had governed Ethiopia for 30 years, into a nationwide Prosperity Party. On 4 November 2020, the Ethiopian National Defense Force launched a military operation against Tigray People's Liberation Front in the Tigray Region. … [33] On the night from 9 to 10 November, 600 civilians, mostly Amharans and Welkait, were killed in a massacre in the town of Mai Kadra using machetes and knives by local militias and police loyal to the TPLF, according to preliminary investigations by Amnesty International and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. [40] On 26 November, after the ultimatum ended, Abiy ordered federal military forces to launch an attack on Mekelle. On November 3, the Ethiopian government accused the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the party governing National Regional State of Tigray, of attacking an Ethiopian Defence Forces base in their state “to rob the Northern command of artillery and military equipment.”. The operation was launched after Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, declared that the Tigray People's Liberation Front had attacked a military base, although the Tigrayan state authorities have denied launching the attack, according to a Tigrayan state official. Abiy’s government declared the Tigray election illegal. Leader of Tigray’s forces tells Ethiopia PM to ‘stop the madness’ In phone interview with The Associated Press, a defiant TPLF leader calls on Abiy Ahmed to withdraw troops from the region. If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. The Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) is the military force of Ethiopia.Civil direction of the military is carried out through the Ministry of Defense, which oversees the ground forces, air force, as well as the Defense Industry Sector.. Calling this a power grab, the TPLF held its own regional elections in September and announced it no longer recognized federal authority. NPR’s sites use cookies, similar tracking and storage technologies, and information about the device you use to access our sites (together, “cookies”) to enhance your viewing, listening and user experience, personalize content, personalize messages from NPR’s sponsors, provide social media features, and analyze NPR’s traffic. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Ethiopia's military has gained “full control” of the capital of the defiant Tigray region, the army announced Saturday, after the Tigray government reported that the city of a half-million people was being “heavily bombarded" in the final push to arrest the region's leaders. The TPLF vows to continue fighting and claims to have recaptured Aksum. These protests included: Armed conflict between Tigray People's Liberation Front and state military units of Ethiopia in 2020, A request that this article title be changed to. Mr Abiy, winner of last year's Nobel Peace Prize, announced on 4 November that he had ordered military operations against Tigray's ruling party, the Tigray People's Liberation Front. Residents in five towns in Amhara region, which has a long-running border dispute with Tigray, took to the streets to show support for the military, state … A former guerrilla movement which first rose to power in 1991, Tigray was the last political bastion of the TPLF after it lost control of the federal government to Mr Abiy in 2018. Kindly Share This Story: Ethiopia PM. Abiy Ahmed(Prime Minister of Ethiopia) Birhanu Jula(ENDF Chief of Staff) Kenea Yadeta(Minister of Defense) Tiruneh Temesgen(Chief Administrator of Amhara Region, early November 2020) Agegnehu Teshager(Chief Administrator of Amhara Region, as of late November 2020) Mulu Nega(Federally appointed Chief Administrator of the Tigray Region) BBC Hardtalk with Stephen Sackur interview with Gedion Timothewos: Is Ethiopia sliding into civil war? [36], By 18 November, the prime minister of Ethiopia claimed that Ethiopia Defense Force had captured the cities of Shire and Axum with battles going on around Mekelle; Ethiopian forces further claimed to have taken some land south of the city. [23] Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who is of Oromo-Amhara descent, accused the TPLF Party Members in the Tigray Regional Government of undermining his authority. [24] The warming of relations between Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, who is poorly regarded in Tigray, was also considered to have fuelled the tension. On November 27, Ethiopian Attorney General, Gedion Timothewos, pressed by the BBC's. [20], Following the end of the Ethiopian Civil War in 1991, Ethiopia became a dominant-party state under the rule of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of ethnicity-based parties whose founding, and most influential, member was the TPLF, whose chairperson was Meles Zenawi, FDRE Prime Minister until his death in 2012. "[26], In late September 2020, the TPLF stated that the constitutional term limit of the HoF, the House of Peoples' Representatives (HoPR), the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers was 5 October 2020, and that for this reason, it would consider "the incumbent" constitutionally illegitimate after 5 October. [30][31] During the subsequent days, skirmishes continued and the Ethiopian parliament declared the creation of an interim government for Tigray. The Ethiopian government launched a manhunt on Sunday for leaders of a rebellious faction in the northern region of Tigray after announcing federal troops had taken over the regional capital and military operations were complete. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered a government offensive after accusing the Tigray People's Liberation Front of attacking Ethiopia's military. The military operations that began on November 4 were, in Abiy’s telling, triggered by attacks by pro-TPLF forces on two federal army camps in Tigray … The authorities in the Tigray region seize a base from the federal army, as tensions worsen. The “last red line has been crossed,” said the statement from the Prime Minister's office in an ominous tone. Clashes broke out between the federal military forces and local security units in the northern region of Tigray, where the ruling party has defied the authority of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. [44] On 2 December the United Nations was given humanitarian access to the territory held by ENDF in the Tigray Region. Abiy announced a military offensive against the regional government in Tigray on November 4, saying it was in response to an attack by Tigray forces on a government military base. A state of emergencyin the region was declared for the next 6 months following this attack. A month after Ethiopia launched a military operation against Tigray, a new face of war is emerging in the Horn of Africa. This brief history explains a lot", "Tigray crisis: Ethiopia orders military response after army base seized", "Ethiopia's Tigray region defies PM Abiy with 'illegal' election", "Ethiopia's Tigray blocks general's appointment in blow to Abiy", "Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia", "News: Tigray region says it will defy federal laws enacted as of Oct. 05; EDP calls for transitional gov't, inclusive dialogue & reconciliation", "The Tigray crisis: Analysis from a variety of sources", "The midnight confrontation that helped unleash Ethiopia's conflict", "Ethiopia warns civilians of 'no mercy' in Tigray offensive", "Ethiopia declares state of emergency in opposition-ruled Tigray", "News Alert: House of Federation adopts resolution to establish a transitional government in Tigray", "Several injured in airstrikes on Tigray capital, humanitarian source says", "Rapid Investigation into Grave Human Rights Violations in Maikadra: Preliminary Findings", "Rockets fired from Ethiopia's Tigray hit Eritrean capital, diplomats say | DW | 15.11.2020", "Ethiopia Tigray crisis: Abiy issues 'ultimatum' as civilians flee fighting", "Ethiopian government says troops take two towns from Tigray fighters", "Ethiopia: Shire Town of Tigray Captured", "Ethiopian prime minister gives Tigrayan rebels 72 hours to surrender", "Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: PM declares assault on regional capital Mekelle", "Ethiopia's military to begin 'final offensive' against Tigray capital", Ethiopia PM says Tigray operation over after army seizes Mekelle, "BREAKING: Ethiopia expels South Sudan diplomats – Sudans Post", "Ethiopia's cracking down in Tigray. [25], The 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia states in Article 39.1, "Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has an unconditional right to self-determination, including the right to secession. The TPLF, led by Chairman Debretsion Gebremichael, went ahead with regional elections in Tigray in September 2020 in defiance of the federal government, which declared the Tigray election illegal.[18]. [27], On 4 November 2020, Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) soldiers came into conflict during alleged Tigrayan attacks on an Ethiopian base in Mekelle and the Fifth Battalion barracks in Dansha. Ethiopia's military has gained “full control” of the capital of the defiant Tigray region, the army announced Saturday. Hailemariam Dessalegn, an ethnic Wolayta from the Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (SEPDM), became premier. This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. TPLF proposed replacing the government by a technocratic caretaker government as detailed in a plan posted on Facebook by the Coalition of Ethiopian Federalist Forces. Tigray rebels, meanwhile, claimed fighters have shot down a federal military jet and retaken the town of Axum. The committee provides some 90,000 people in Tigray with humanitarian assistance. Ethiopia’s military to begin ‘final offensive’ against Tigray capital November 26, 2020; Understanding the conflict in Tigray region of Ethiopia November 25, 2020; Ethiopia’s PM urges non-interference in Tigray conflict November 25, 2020; Ethiopia commission says Tigray youth group killed 600 civilians in Nov 9 attack November 24, 2020 Tigray's mountainous terrain and borders with Sudan and Eritrea helped the TPLF during its long struggle against Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, whom it eventually toppled in 1991. [19] After the win for Prime Minister Abiy in Mekelle, the TPLF leaders fled to the mountains hiding from the Ethiopian army. The military showdown in Tigray has made a bad situation worse, as evidenced by a slump in the nation’s Eurobonds. The Tigray region of 6 million people has been cut off from the world as the military pursued what Abiy called a “law enforcement operation” with airstrikes and tanks. [34][35] On 14 November 2020, Tigrayan forces launched rockets at the Eritrean capital of Asmara, but the missiles missed. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Ethiopia's military has gained “full control” of the capital of the defiant Tigray region, the army announced Saturday, after the Tigray government reported that the city of a half-million people was being “heavily bombarded" in the final push to arrest the region's leaders. "God bless Ethiopia and its people!" Tigray's local government said the Northern Command of the federal military, which is stationed in the region, had defected to its side, a statement which Billene described as "false information." [23] By contrast, the Tigray authorities saw the refusal to recognise the September 2020 election for the Tigray parliament (which, along with all elections in Ethiopia, had been delayed by the federal government and elections board until the end of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ethiopia) as the reason for the outbreak of the conflict. Isaias Afeworki(President of Eritrea) (Chief of the Defence Staff) Filipos Woldeyohannes Sebhat Ephrem (General of Eritrean Defense Forces), The Tigray conflict is an ongoing armed conflict that began in November 2020 in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, between Tigray Region special forces led by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) in alliance with Afar and Amhara Regions special forces.[17]. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Ethiopia's military has gained “full control” of the capital of the defiant Tigray region, the army announced Saturday, and the prime minister said the taking of Mekele marked the “completion” of an offensive that started nearly four weeks ago. The federal forces claimed to have captured the Tigrayan capital of Mekelle on 28 November, following which Prime Minister Abiy declared the Tigray operation 'over'. The Tigray region of 6 million people has been cut off from the world as the military pursued what Abiy called a "law enforcement operation" … This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 14:45. The Tigray region has been almost entirely cut off from the outside world since Nov. 4, when Abiy announced a military offensive in response to a TPLF attack on a military … The Sudanese government is not commenting on troop movements. [46] Wilmot saw the Tigray conflict related Ethiopian online activity as mostly distinct from Ethiopian online hate speech, which in 2019 was mostly in Amharic on Facebook, but also suggested that the lines between authentic online political activity and deliberate misinformation[47] were becoming blurred. Worldwide, humanitarian organisations and the scientific community asked rapidly for ceasefire and humanitarian aid to the people of Tigray. The prime minister's office said the federal government had declared a six-month state of emergency in Tigray to be overseen by the chief of staff of the armed forces. Addis Ababa began its military operation in the opposition-held region on Wednesday, describing the decision to resort to force as "the last measure to save the people and the country." See details. Abiy intention is to consolidate military power to himself and to his groups so that together with the Eritrean dictatorial regime to impose his will on those who are opposing his regime. We call on all parties to show restraint, to work towards de-escalation of tensions and a peaceful resolution to the dispute. Abiy’s government declared the Tigray election illegal. Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed showed no sign on Thursday of halting a military campaign in the Tigray region, despite international pressure to avert civil war with a powerful ethnic faction. Abiy announced Wednesday that he had ordered military operations in Tigray in response to an “attack” by the region’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), on a military camp there. [23] Abiy Ahmed's government considered the September Tigray election to be illegal. The TPLF has said they would continue fighting. ... Tigray crisis: Ethiopia orders military response after army base seized. (AP) The Tigray state was the frontline in Ethiopia’s war with Eritrea in the late 90s, and played an outsized role in Ethiopia’s ruling coalition - the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) - during that period. ", "Air strikes in Ethiopia's Tigray region will continue, PM says", "Ethiopian troops push for regional capital, rebels promise 'hell, "Ethiopia's war in Tigray shows no signs of abating, despite government's victory claims", "Tigray Rebels Down Jet, Capture Pilot, One Day After Ethiopian Prime Minister Declares Victory", "Ethiopia: 550 rebels dead as Tigray offensive continues", "Ethiopia: Investigation reveals evidence that scores of civilians were killed in massacre in Tigray state", "Ethiopia commission says Tigray youth group killed 600 civilians in November 9 attack", "Tigray rebels say nine civilians killed in Ethiopian attack", "Ethiopia crisis: Tigray leader vows to keep fighting as government advances", "Ethiopia sends army into Tigray region, heavy fighting reported", "Ethiopia appoints new Tigray leader, Amnesty reports 'massacre, "Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: Mekelle hospital struggling after attack – Red Cross", "In Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed's forces have won the battle but not the war", "Ethiopia's Hailemariam Desalegn sworn in as prime minister", "Analysis | Why is Ethiopia in upheaval? Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed showed no sign on Thursday of halting a military campaign in the Tigray region, despite international pressure to avert civil war with a … The situation escalated to violence on 4 November with an alleged attack by the Tigray People's Liberation Front on the Northern Command Headquarters of the Ethiopian National Defense Force. Abiy has denied he wants to centralize power. Ethiopia says military operation in Tigray region is over, hunt for Tigray leaders begins . [32] Ethiopian offensives in the north were accompanied with airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken. Outside Ethiopia, people of Tigrayan diaspora, as well as those of Eritrean descent, took to the streets to protest against the conflict. Addis Ababa began its military operation in the opposition-held region on Wednesday, describing the decision to resort to force as "the last measure to save the people and the country." We use cookies to improve our service for you. Ethiopia’s military carries out airstrikes in Tigray as Abiy moves to impose federal control over region Ermias Tasfaye Daba, Lesley Wroughton 11/6/2020. "[26], Article 62.9 grants HoF the right to "order Federal [government] intervention if any State [government], in violation of [the] Constitution, endangers the constitutional order. Map locates the Tigray area. [37][38][39] On 23 November, the government issued an ultimatum giving the rebels 72 hours to surrender. ... their power … Ethiopia Military Strength (2020) For 2020, Ethiopia is ranked 60 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review . The Tigray region of 6 million people has been cut off from the world as the military pursued what Abiy called a “law enforcement operation” with airstrikes and tanks. Ethiopian military operation in Tigray is complete, prime minister says . This year, Abiy postponed elections scheduled for August to next year because of the COVID-19 pandemic. 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